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Historical collections

Michigan State Historical

Society, IVIichigan Historical Commission

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It is with peculiar satisfaction that the Committee of Historians of the Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society invite attention to the present volume (33) of its Collections. It seems to us that these Cadillac papers comprise one of the most important series of documents, translated from the original preserved in the archives at Paris, France, that any State has ever issued, and that the knowledge of their being printed will be re- ceived by historical students with a great deal of pleasure. They furnish the best available data contemporary with the beginnings of civilization, about three centuries ago, in the vast territory whereof Michigan is now a conspicuous part, and it is eminently appropriate that they should first be made pqblic by the Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society. They deal with a past which belongs largely to the realm of historical myth and tradition.

Indeed, the boundaries of New France of the seventeenth and eight- eenth centuries are impossible clearly to define. It may be generally stated that the French government claimed, as their possessions, all of the lands forming the present Dominion of Canada, a large part of mod- ern New York, the western portion of Pennsylvania, and all the region west and north of the Ohio river.

In all this vast territory there were no permanent settlements before the year 1700. There were several mission posts established by various religious societies mostly by the Jesuits, a missionary post of some importance at Mackinac, and a trading post at Fort St. Louis granted to La Salle, but at this time in charge of Henry Tonty (bras-de-fer) and La Forest. None of these posts were permanent. That of Fort St. Louis ex- isted for a few years and was abandoned. Mackinac was, also, in a short time abandoned and burned, but was subsequently re-established.

At a somewhat earlier period a trading or military post had been estab- lished on the west shore of the river St. Clair, near the outlet of Lake Huron. This establishment sometimes bore the name of Detroit, and was Jaid down on the map as St. Joseph, but this also was destroyed before the year 1700.

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In 1694, Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac was the military commandant at Michillimackinac. He remained at this post three years, studying the situation, and, by intercourse with the various Indian tribes that assem* bled there, preparing himself for accomplishing one of the most important events in the history of the Northwest the establishment of a permanent colony in the wilds of America.

No name, in the annals of the West, stands out more prominent than that of Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, the founder of Detroit, and the first colony builder in the West- It is not necessary here to give a sketch of his life, as that information can be found elsewhere. He came to Detroit river in the summer of 1701, and there laid the foundation of a great city which now honors, and always will honor, his name as its founder.

Within a short time after the commencement of the settlement Cadillac sent an official report of his work to the Minister at Paris, after whom his place was named Pontchatrain and this report was followed by others of like nature, at intervals, during the period of Cadillac's com- mand. These various reports were filed with other state papers and now remain in the archives at Paris. Along with those reports are various other papers and documents relative to Cadillac and to Detroit.

The state of New York, some years since, had all of these archives ex- amined, and such of them as pertained to the history of that state were copied, translated, and printed in Documents Relative to the Colonial History of New York. In this series are a few that relate to Detroit. In this series, also, are a few that, in the original, relate to Detroit, but in which, in translating, the Detroit portions were omitted.

The state of Wisconsin has also, recently, republished some of those published by the state of New York, and has added a few from other sources.

When Governor Lewis Cass was Minister to France he obtained cop- ies of some of these papers, and they were translated and put in the form of historical matter not in the form of translations and were printed by Mrs. Sheldon in her Early History of Michigan. A few, also, of these manuscripts were collected and printed in the original French by Pierre Margry, but his works have never been translated into English.

With the above exceptions the vast pile of manuscripts relative to De- troit and Michigan has laid in the archives at Paris, hidden, so far as American readers are concerned. The people of Michigan and the West are interested in these papers, and it is because they were of no special interest to the eastern states that they have remained so long unpub- lished.

Some ten years ago Mr. Clarence M. Burton, of Detroit, undertook, at his own expense, to have these records re-examined, and those that per- tained to Michigan copied for his own use. The work of searching out

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and copying was a labor of some years and of considerable expense. After the copies were made Mr. Burton turned them over to a competent translator and obtained a careful, accurate and literal translation of them all. The manuscripts fill twenty-four volumes. They consist not merely of Cadillac's reports, but of everything to be found in the Paris archives relative to Detroit and Michigan, not heretofore printed.

Among the earliest of these documents is a series of letters from the Jesuit priests to Cadillac, with the notations of Cadillac and of the Sfin- ister on each letter. Several copies of these letters are in existence, but no complete translation has ever before been published. The letters from Cadillac to these priests have never been translated or published, but Mr. Burton has, through the kindness of Father Jones of Montreal, obtained copies of the originals, and these will appear in the series mentioned below.

During the period that Detroit was under the command of Cadillac 1701 to 1710 there was a record kept of the transactions of the village. This record has but recently been discovered by Mr. P. Oagnon, archivist at Quebec. Mr. Burton has obtained a copy of this record, and it will be translated and printed with the other papers. There will also be attached an agreement for the support of Cadillac's daughter, Judith, with the^ Ursuline sisters at Quebec. This document has been recently found by Mr. Qagnon, and a copy was furnished by him to Mr. Burton. The impor- tance of this paper consists in giving the name and age of one of Cadil- lac's children concerning whom but little is known.

All of the above translations have been given by Mr. Burton to the Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society for publication in its Collec- tions, commencing in volume 33. Probably this will prove to be the most valuable contribution to western history ever published by any Society. The cordial thanks of the committee of historians, and also of the Mich- igan Pioneer and Historical Society, in whose name and behalf they act, are tendered to Mr. Burton for his generous contribution to the earliest authentic annals of Michigan and Detroit. As the centuries pass these illuminating records will become more and more valuable.

L. D. WATKINS, Manchester, Chairman.



PETER WHITE, Marquette.

GEORGE H. CANNON, Washington.

Committee of Historians.

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Pbontispiece. "Louis XIV delivering to Chevalier Osdillac the. ordinance and grant for the foundation of the City of Detroit."

Presented in the name of the French Republic hy his Excellency M. Jules Camhon, Ambassador of France to the United States, November, 1902."

F. Le Quesne.

This picture is a copy of a painting in the Detroit Museum of Art Besides the portraits of Cadillac and the King of France, includes those of the following persons: Louis Boucherat, Chancellor of France; and behind the King, Messieurs Barbezieux, guerre; ds Torcy, affairs etrangers; Jerome de Pontchartrain flls, marine; Louis Phillipeaux de Pontchartrain, finances. The artist is F. Le Quesne.

Page. Rev. F. a. Blades, City Controller of Detroit 10

RiCHABD R. Elliott, Htstoriographer of Detroit ', 22

Record of the Marbiage of Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac and ^abib Theresa

GuYON, WITH Translation on next page 308

From the Burton Library, Detroit.

Contract Made Between Antoine de jjl Mothe Cadillac and M. Hazeur, Law

Officer to the»Oreat Superior Council 419

From the Burton Library, Detroit.

Portrait of Judge J. Wh.lard Babbitt, Ypsilanti 746

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* #age.

Proceedings of Annual Meeting, 1903 1

Address of President, Clarence M. Burton 8

Report of Recording and Corresponding Secretary, Henry R. Pattenglll 5

Treasurer's Report^ Benjamin F. Dayis 7

Regrets ■* '. 8

Gifts and loans : 8

Driving tbe fitst stake for the Capitol at Lansing, Rev. F. A. Blades 1(\

The Jesuit Missionaries who labored In the Lake Superior region during the 17th and

18th Centuries, Richard R. Blliott 22


From manuscripts collected by C. M. Burton 36

Proclamation of France on taking formal possession of the West k 86

Quarrel between Cadillac and Sabrevols *. 86

Letter to Monsieur Du Lhu 40

Retaking possession of Detroit 41

The necessity of a poet at Detroit 4?

Occupying posts in the West , * 44 '

The establishment of theaters in Quebec 54

Promotion of Cadillac 72

Licenses to trade are revoked 72

Plans to capture New York 77

A suit against Cadillac 86

Frontenac praises Cadillac 94

Detroit is founded 96

Letters to Cadillac from the Jesuit Fathers 102

Cadillac starts for Detroit 107

Detroit in eharge of the company of Canada .• '. 108

Description of the River of Detroit by M. de la Mothe, the commandent there Ill

The seventh letter from the Jesuits to Cadillac 112

Detroit given to the company of the Colony 115

Ninth letter from the Jesuits to Qadillac 118.

Account of Detroit 131

Description of Detroit ; Advantages found there 138

Remarks made by M. De La Mothe concerning the board of directors 152

The company of the colony proposes to surrender Detroit to Cadillac 155

Cadillac makes arrangements with the Jesuits 158

The fifteenth letter of the Jesuits to Cadillac 159

Report of Detroit in 1703 161

Cadillac has trouble with the Jesuits , 182

Reflections on the present state of the settlement of Detroit in Canada 186

Endorsed letter from the Court or arrangement made by the King and M. D^Lamothe on

account of Detroit 187

Talk between the different Indian tribes at Detroit 190

Ramezay complains of the treatment of Cadillac 194

Letters from Vaudreull and De Beauharnols complaining about Cadillac 196

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Memorandtim of M. de la Moth£ Cadillac concemlac the establishment of Detroit from

Quebec 198

Attempt to prerent trouble between the Hnrons and OataTOls' 242

Posts of the upper countries ^ 248

Memorandum on the posts of 'the upper country 248

Agreement made between the directon and agents of the company of the colony of Canada and M. de Lamothe in concert with the Qovemor General and three intendants con- cerning Detroit or Fort Pontcbartrain 245

Cadillac in possession of Detroit 248

Cadillac's requests to the Governor General regarding the settlement of Detroit 249

Reply of the Governor General to the memorial presMited by Monsieur de la Motbe

Cadillac on the Slst of March, 1706 258

Extract from the letter of the said minister of the 9th of June, 1706, at paragraph 6 257

Talk between Marquis de Vaudreull and Onaskin, chief of the Outavols 258

Letttr from Father Biarest to the Marquis de Vaudreull 262

List of the people who came to Detroit in 1706 271

Cadillac's letter to Marquis de Vaudreull 272

Talk of Marquis de Vaudreull with the Sonnontouans 285

Speech of Mlscouaky, chief of the Ontayols, to Marquis de Vaudreull 288

Replies of M. de Vaudreull to Mlscouaky, chief of the Outaouas 294

Amounts expended for the King's service by Cadillac 296

Memorial of the S. de la Mothe Cadillac with the replies of M. de Vaudreull in the margin 297

^eply to the memorial of the Sr. de la Mothe CadillHc 299

Report of Marquis de Vaudreull, Governor General, regarding the cordltl(m of the colony 301 Statement of sums expended by order of M. de la Motbe for the Iroquis chiefs who came

to speak to him •. 814

Extract from the letter of M. de Pontchartrain 1707, at paragraph 2 315

Points concerning Canada for the year 1707 ; 316

Draft of. the measures which Dauteull, Procureur General of the King to the Superior Council of Quebec, most humbly proposes to the Comte de Pontchartrain, Minister

and Secretary of State for Canada 818

Words of the Outavois on the 18th of June, with the answers 819

Words of the Outavois on the 21st of June, with the answers 824

Words of Jean Le Blanc to the Governor General on the 23d of June, 1707 826

* The Ottawas come to Quebec In the spring of 1707 328

Council held at Detroit on the 6th of August 881

Cadillac complains of Vaudreull » 886

Letter from MM. de Vaudreull and Raudot, 15 September, 1707 : 842

Words of the Ottawas to Cadillac 846

Copy of Monsieur de la Mothe's letter written to the Marquis De Vaudreull from Fort

Pontchartrain on the first of Oct., 1707 850

Observation of the Marquis de Vaudreull on the letter from De Lamothe of the 1st of

October, 1707 354

Speeches of three Indians from Mlchlllmaklna 362

Reply of the Marquis de Vaudreull to Catalaouibols on the 8th October 366

Sleur de Tonty tn command of Fort Frontenac 867

Report from Marquis de Vaudreull 868

Sleur de la Forest sent to Quebec by Cadillac , 870

Letter from M. de Vaudreull expressing his contempt for C&dlllac 871

Cadillac grants contracts to Detroit cltlsens 878

The Jesuits* complaint against Cadillac 882

Father Marest's complaints against Cadillac 888

Extract from the letter of the said minister of the 6th of June, 1708, at paragraph 6 887

List of the officers who were in the expedition commanded by MM. de Lescballlons and

Rouvllle 887

Speech of the Outtavols of Mlchlllmaklna with replies of M. de Vaudreull 888

Reply of the Marquis de Vaudreull to the words of the Outtavols from MichlUmakina .... 889

Remarks on letters of Cadillac 890

Letter from M. Raudot, Jr 895

Letter from M. de Vaudreull ^ 395

Memorandum by MM. de Vaudreull and Raudot on the proposal of the Sleur de la Mothe

to establish four companies of Savages at Detroit 81^

MM. de Vaudreull and Raudot report of the colonies and criticise Cadillac 401

Letter from Sr. D'Algremont denouncing Cadillac's methods 424

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•Letter from MM. de Vaudreull and Baudot 453

Remarks on report of Randot ;. 466

Letter from Randot 456

Copy of a letter written by Monseigneur de Pontchartraln to Moulenr Raudot 475

Bxtract from the Memorandum of the King concerning Canada 476

Extract from reports of M. de Vaudreull and Raudot 477

Bxtract from a resolution passed as between M. de la Mothe and his settlers of Detroit

OB the 7th of June, 1710 478

Necessity for re-establishing Maddnac 479

Cadillac appointed GoTemor of Louisiana and de la Forest commandant at Detroit 483

Dubulsson ordered to act as commandant at Detroit 484

Memorandum of Sleur Dubulsson 485

Bxtract from the letter of M. de la Forest, written to M. de la Mothe at Detroit, at

paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 : 486

Letter from Sr. D'Algremont 487

Petition for pension for Captain de Grandyllle's widow 492

Census of Detroit de Pontchartraln In the year 1710 492

Instructions given Dubulsson by M. de la Forest 495

Memorandum to serve ns Instructions from the Marquis de Vaudreull to the ofllcers and

voyageurs despatched to bring down to Montreal the savages of the upper country .... 497 WoVds of the Marquis de Vaudreull to the savages who came down from the upper coun- try ., 608

Cadillac asks to know the will of his majesty ^ 506

Cadillac tries to sell his personal effects to de la Forest ! 508

Agreement made between MM. de la Mothe and de la Forest 610

Memorandum of M. de la Forest In which he asks permission to go to his post 512

Answer of M. de la Mothe to the memorandum of M. de la Forest of the 14th of July,

1711 ,.... 613

Reply to Cadfllac's claims 615

Portion of Rev. Father Cherubln de Nlan*s letter to Cadillac 617

Inventory of Cadlllac^s Detroit property 618

Report from M. de Vaudreull of the condition of the colony , 528

Report of Sr. Dubulsson to M. de'Vaudreull 537

List of Indian tHbes In the West 552

Indians on the St Joseph River 658

Letter from Father Marest— complaints of the Indians 557

Reports from the upper country ^ 559

Expenses of the post at Detroit .^ 568

Fox Indians attack Detroit '. 669

Death of La Forest 571

War against the Fox Indians and amnesty to the ^'Ooureura de boi9" 573

The settlement at Detroit 574

Peace with the Fox Indians 676

Remarks on the war with the Fox Indians 679

Ehigllsh entice the Indians to leave the French ^ 582

A talk with the Ottawas and their reply 684

Talk of the Poutouatamls and the reply of M. de Vaudreull 586

Report of the death of the sons of Ramesay and de Longueull 587

Louvlgny sent on an expedition to the Fox Indians 688

On the savages of Detroit '. 690

Tonty prevents the savages from trading with the E)ngllsh 693

A letter from Sabrevols to Cadillac 694

Tonty prevents a war between the Mlamls and Ottawaa 595

Cadillac petitions for compensation for his losses at Detroit 698

Cadillac again asks that justice be done blm 602

Inspection of the Western posts 607

Cadillac should be reimbursed for his losses at Detroit 610

Cadillac complains of Tonty 612

Cadillac relates of founding of Detroit 614

Cadillac's property at Detroit destroyed 621

Memorial of Cadillac to the Council 622

Communication to the Comte'de Toulouse 630

Cadillac offers to surrender his rights at Detroit 631

Complaints against Sleur Bouat 681

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Ponlsbment of Bouat 640,

Inventory of Cadillac's possewions at Detroit 641

Ramezay prevents Sabrevois from going to Detroit 643

Memorial of De La Motlie eadillac 647

The King intended to plant a colony at Detroit 650

Claims of Cadillac : 658

Expenses Incurred by Cadillac for the King 668

Grant of lands at Detroit to Cadillac 670

Lands at Detroit 671

Cadillac's power of higher, middlt and lower Jurisdiction . . .*. 672

Cadillac asks that all Detroit be given him with civil righte 673

Therese Catin commences suit against Alphonse de Tonty, Jr 675

Alexis Lemoine complains of Tonty 676

Cadillac again petitions to be put In possession of Detroit 677

List of effects from the magaxine of Cadillac 687

Detailed description of Detroit 687

The King decides not to reinstate Cadillac at Detroit* 690

Extracts from the memorial and reply 695

Expenses of the war against the Fox Indiana 708

Memorandum by the King ,. 704

Report of Charlevoix on thie Western Poets 706

Citizens of Detroit accuse Tonty of cruelty 707

Cadillac's right conceded *. 709

The Indians at Detroit intend to make war on the Fox Indians 710

The work of Dr. Robert Clark Kedxie as a pioneer 716

Allegan county memorial report 723

Bay county memorial report 723

Barry county memorial report 724

Benzie county memorial report » 730

Berrien county memorial report 730

Branch county memorial report 731

Clinton county memorial report^ 733

Crawford county memorial report 733

Eaton country memorial report ......' 734

Genesee county memorial report 735

Grand Traverse county memorial report 736

Hillsdale county memorial report 736

Isabella county memorial report 737

Kalamazoo county memorial report 738

Kent county memorial report 739

Mackinac county memorial report .• 740

Macomb county memorial report r 741

Marquette county memorial report 743

Muskegon county memorial report 744

Saginaw county memorial report 745

Shiawassee county memorial report 746

Van Buren county memorial report 746

Washtenaw county, memorial of Judge J. Willard Babbitt 746

Wayne county .- 748

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Clarence M. Burton, Detroit, President. Henry R. Pattengill, Lansing, Secretary. Benjamin F. Davis, Lansing, Treasurer.


♦Robert C. Kedzie, LL. D., Lansing. Hon. Daniel McCoy, Grand Rapids. *H. B. Smith, Marengo.


Hon. L. D. Watklns, Manchester. Judge Edward Cahill, Lansing. Hon. E. W. Barber, Jackson. Mrs. Mary C. Spencer, Lansing. Hon. Peter White, MarqUette.


Clarence M. Burton, Detroit, President. Honry R. Pattengill Lansing, Secretary. Benjamin F. Davis, Lansing, Treasurer.


Daniel McCoy, Grand Rapids. Mrs. Mary C. Spencer, Lansing. George H. Cannon, Washington.


Hon. L. D. Watkins, Manchester. Judge Edward Cahlll, Lansing. Hon. E. W. Barber, Jackson. Hon. Peter White, Marquette. Prof. Claude H. Van Tine, Ann Arbor.


Alcona, W. L. Chapelle, Harrisvllle.


Allegan, Hon. James W. Humphrey, Wayland.

Alpena, James A. Case, Alpena.

Antrim, J. McLaughlin, Elk Rapids.

Arenac, Miss Julia Inglis, Sterling.



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Barry, Mrs. Sarah E. Striker, Hastings. Bay. George C. Cobb, Bay City. Benzie, William A. Betts, Benzonia. Berrien, Hon. Thomas Mars, Berrien Center. Branch. Col. George A. Turner, Coldwater. Calhoun, Hon. John C. Patterson, Marshall. Cass, Hon. L. H. Glover, Cassopolis. Charlevoix, B. H. Green, Charlevoix. Cheboygan,

Chippewa, Hon. C. H. Chapman, Sault Ste. Marie. Clare.

Clinton, Mrs. C. L. Pearse, DeWitt. Crawford, Dr. Oscar Palmer, Grayling. Delta. Hon. O. B. Fuller, Ford River. Dickinson,

Eaton, Hon. Esek Pray, Dlmondale. Emmet,

Genesee, Mrs. H. C. Fairbanks, Flint. Gladwin. Hon. Eugene Foster. Gladwin. Gogebic. Judge Norman B. Haire, Ironwood. Grand Traverse. Hon. Thomas T. Bates, Traverse City. Gratiot,

Hillsdale, Joseph H. Bdinger, Hillsdale. Houghton. Hon. Orrin W. Robinson, Chassell. Huron,

Ingham, John J. Bush. Lansing. Ionia, Hon. P. H. Taylor, Ionia. Iosco, John W. Waterbury, Tawas City. Iron,

Isabella. Prof. C. S. Larzelere, Mt. Pleasant. Jackson, Mrs. P. H. Loomis, Jackson. Kalamazoo. Hon. E. W. De Yoe, Kalamazoo. Kalkaska. Hon. A. E. Palmer, Kalkaska. Kent, Hon. George W. Thayer, Grand Rapids. Keweenaw, Lake, Lapeer, Leelanau,

Lenawee, Hon. J. I. Knapp. Adrian. Livingston, Hon. Albert Tooley. Howell. Luce. Hon. Sanford'N. Dutcher, Newberry. Mackinac, Dr. J. R. Bailey. Mackinac Island. Macomb. Hon. George H. Cannon, Washington. Manistee.

Marquette. Hon. Peter White. Marquette. Mason, Ralph H. Ellsworth. Ludington. Mecosta, Judge C. C. Fuller. Big Rapids. Menominee,

Midland, Hon. C. L. Jenny. Midland. , Missaukee. M. D. Richardson, Pioneer. Monroe, John W. Davis. Monroe. Montcalm, Hon. James W. Belknap. Greenville. Montmorency,

Muskegon, Mrs. Mary E. Chamberlin. Muskegon. Newaygo. Hon. Daniel E. Soper. Newaygo. Oakland.

Oceana. Hon. C. A. Gurney. Hart. Ogemaw. Dr. H. M. Ammond. Campbell's Comers. Ontonagon. Osceola,

Oscoda, Robert Kittle. Briggs. Otsego. Charles F. Davis Elmira. Ottawa. Hon. G. T. DIekema, Holland. Presque Isle. Henry Whiteley, Millersburg. Roscommon, Fred L. De Lamater. Roscommon.

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Sa^naw, Mrs. Anna A. Palmer, Saginaw.




St Clair, Mrs. Oaroline F. Ballentine, Port Huron.

St. Jo6^>h, Thomas 6. Green, Centreyllle.

Tuscola, N. B. York, Millington.

Van Buren, Hon. C.*J. Monroe, South Haven.

Washtefnaw, J. Q. A. Sessions, Ann Arbor.

Wayne, Hem. Fred Carlisle, Detroit

Wexford; Hon. Perry F. Powers, Cadillac.

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Wednesday, 2 p. in., the 29th annual meeting of the Michigan Pioneer and Historical Society was called to order in the Senate Chamber. Prayer was offered by Dr. William H. Haze. Music, "Song to Our Pio- neers,*' by the audience preceded the r^ular part of the program, con- sisting of the reports of the various officers. The first paper, "The Bound- aries of Michigan," by Prof. Claude S. Larzelere of Mt. Pleasant, Mich., was followed by a solo by Miss Maud Staley. "Evolution of Agriculture," by L. D. Watkins, was read by Mr. Arthur C. Bird, Lansing. Paper by Rev. F. A. Blades of Detroit, Mich., "Driving the First Stake for the Cap- itol at Lansing." "The Early Explorations of Dr. J. J. Bigsby," by Dr. A. C. Lane, Lansing. Music by Mrs. C. P. Black, Lansing. Miss Ella J. Eamsdell of Big Bapids, Mich., then read a paper on "Mecosta County and Its Hub." Solo by Mrs. Roy Moore, Lansing. Five minute speeches were given by Hon. Charles H. Dewey, a Lenawee county pioneer of 1829, Hon. James E. Scripps of Detroit, Hon. Isaac Bush of Howell, Rev. R. 0. Crawford of Clinton county, Mr. Fitch of Shiawassee county, Morgan Hungerford of Lansing, Judge Fuller of Big Rapids, vice president for Mecosta county, and others. It was resolved that Judge Fuller be invited to prepare a paper for the next year.

Whdnbsday Evening^ 7 :30, House of Representatives.

Before announcing the regular program of the evening, the president appointed the following committee to nominate officers for the coming year: Lucius D. Watkins, Edward W. Barber, Edward H. Cahill, George W. Thayer and John E. Day. Hon. Daniel McCoy, chairman of the ex-

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ccutive committee, requested the different committees to meet June 4, at 9 a. m. The regular evening work was then commenced by a duet by Miss Maud Staley and Dr. D. Bokhof. Paper, "The Burnett Family," by Ed- ward 8. Kelley of St. Joseph. Music by the Episcopal Church Choir. A poem entitled 'Tere Marquette and Petare Wite," was read by Miss Delia Knight. Music by quintette consisting of Miss Staley, Messrs. Seevey, Walker, Willetts and Bates, students of the Michigan Agricul- tural College. Meeting closed with music by the Episcopal Church Choir. A reception in the Governor's parlors given by Governor and Mrs. Bliss to the members of this Society and to the Senators and Representatives followed. Beautiful flowers, suitable refreshments, and recitations by Miss Lothridge of Battle Creek were a pleasing feature of the evening.

Thursday^ 9:45 a. m.. Senate Chamber.

Meeting opened by music by the Industrial School Band, who re- sponded to an encore. The paper prepared by Hon. Charles Moore of the "Soo," concerning the late Hon. Sullivan M. Cutcheon, was read by Mrs. Mary C. Spencer. Solo by Mrs. Roy Moore of Lansing. The committee appointed to make nominations for oiBcers, through Mr. George W. Thayer, reported the following:

President Clarence M. Burton, Detroit.

Secretary ^Henry R. Pattengill, Lansing.

Corresponding Secretary-r-Mrs. Ellen B. Judson, Lansing.

Treasurer Benjamin F. Davis, Lansing.

Executive Committee Daniel McCoy, Grand Rapids; H. B. Smith, Marengo; Mrs. Mary C. Spencer, Lansing.

Committee of Historians ^L. D. Watkins, Manchester; Edward H. Ca- hill, Lansing; Edward W. Barber, Jackson; Peter White, Marquette; George H. Cannon, Washington.

Moved that the report be accepted and adopted. Moved also that the corresponding secretary be authorized to employ an assistant. (Corre- sponding secretary absolutely declined to act.) Music by the Industrial School Band. Paper compiled by Prof. Frank S. Kedzie, regarding his father. Dr. Robert C. Kedzie, for so many years a member of the execu- tive committee.

Thursday Afternoon, at the Congregational Church.

Preliminary to the meeting it -was announced that Mr. E. Lockhart of Nashville, Mich., has a collection of curios which he has willed to the Society, and upon motion this was accepted and a vote of thanks tendered him for the gift. The opening music was by the pupils of the public schools under the leadership of Miss Jeanette Osborne. A vote of thanks

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was ^:eiided to them for their kindness. Mr. John E. Day's paper, **The Moravians in Michigan," followed. Mr. Harold Jarvis of Detroit favored us with music entitled "Spring," and also responded to an encore. Mr, Lucius C. Storrs gave a paper on "Progress in Reformatory Work." Mr, Jarvis then sang again. Mr. Joseph H. Edinger related some of the trials of a relic hunter in gathering the specimens in his fine collection. After a song by Mr. Jarvis, Gen. B. M. Cutcheon's paper was read. Music by Mr. Jarvis. Upon motion the blind grandfather of Miss Bamsdell was voted an honorary member of this Society. Moved and carried that the thanks of this Society be extended to Mr. Jarvis for his enjoyable music, who then gave us "The Stein Song." with "Flow Gently, Sweet Afton" as an encore. Adjourned until evening,

Thursday Evening, 7 :45, Senate Chamber.

Meeting opened by music by St. Mary's Church Choir, "Thou art so far and yet so near." An interesting paper, "A Basket of Fragments," by Mrs. Annie Bingham Gilbert of Grand Bapids was delivered. Mr. Harold Jarvis then sang a solo. By request he and Miss Staley sang a duet at this time. "The Seals of Michigan," by Mrs. M. B. Ferrey, followed, and Mr. Jarvis gave his final number. The Choir of St. Mary's Church favored us with a selection, and the program of the evening closed by the audi- ence singing "America," and the benediction pronounced by the Rev. William Putnam, the Hon. L. D. Watkins occupying the chajr.



Ladies amd Gentlemen of the Pioneer Society:

The thirty-second volume of the Collections of our Society has been printed, and is ready for delivery. Those interested in our work can tell, from that book, whether our labors during the past year have produced the proper result. The report of the various oflScers will give a statement of the condition of the Society. Our appropriation for the next two years is a trifle larger than we have had formerly, but the money can be well expended in the collection, transcription and publication of historical matter, and we could use a much larger amount if we had it.

We are grateful to the Legislature and to the Governor for listening to- our requests, and we feel assured that if they will personally examine our rooms, our collections and the works we are publishing, they will agree- that the money granted us has been well expended.

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There have been statements by various members and officers of our Society that pioneers are dying out. This is not a fact. The men who came to Michigan with La Salle, Tonti, Cadillac, Hennepin and UHontan were pioneers; so also were those who came with Robert Rogers, after the conquest of Canada. Those who came with General Wayne in 1796 were pioneers, as were also those who came with Hull and CaBS and Wood- bridge. Those men and women who penetrated the woods of Michigan, and. cleared the farms, were pioneers; but the men who build new rail- roads, open new mines, erect new factories, are they not pioneers as well?

This Society was organized for the purpose of collecting memoirs rela- tive to the pioneer life of our State, and for the purpose of publishing documents and papers relative to the history of our State.

The work is exhaustless, and the Society, if it fills its mission, will be as long lived as the State itself.

There are thousands of topics that seem to us now to be matters of no historical account, because we know, or think we know, all about them, but after the lapse of a few years they will be interesting subjects of study.

Let me instance a few: The copper and iron mines, the silk thread in- dustry, the beet sugar industry, the making of alcohol, the salt wells and salt making, the tel^raph, the telephone, the alkali works ; all these and many others might be mentioned.

Papers on these topics might well be prepared now, and deposited in our Society's records, to be used in later years when pioneers in these various industries have passed away.

The collecting of material for our early history can only be done by those who have that subject at heart, and we may well leave that work to the enthusiasts in that line, but there is a work that ought to be at- tended to by the older members of our Society, those whom we look upon as the pioneers of the State I mean the history of the early land clearers, the farmers, storekeepers, ministers, teachers, and others of fifty years since. We are able to read all about Cass and Mason, and Romeyn and Duffield, and the few who became prominent ; but what about the many whose names are not mentioned in history? How did they live? What schools did they attend in the territory or State? What work did they do? What amusement did they have? Certainly a history of the lives of these unknown and unnamed thousands would be quite as interesting as that of the few more fortunate companions whose names we see on our records.

A year ago, at the Agricultural Collie grounds, we had a collection of household and farm utensils, such as were used by the people of sixty years since. Cannot such a collection or a larger or finer one ^be made for our Society?

During the year we have had deposited with us a large collection of

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Indian relics we wanted to purchase the collection for our Society, and asked for an appropriation for that purpose. We were not successful, but we hope to be at the next session of the Legislature. There have been presented to the Society, from time to time, articles in use in early days in pioneer households we are anxious to have this collection increase, and we desire contributions of articles for that purpose household uten- sils, china, and glassware, not necessarily such as the pioneers used in their daily life, but such as heirlooms and articles of a finer, rarer sort. The proper and legitimate work of the Society is exhaustless, and every member is urged to do his best to see that it prospers along the lines that he may consider his own.



To the Officers and Members of the MicMgun Pioneer and Historical


Soon after the close of the fiscal year* 1902, an application was made to the Board of Auditors for additional room, which was kindly granted. It was expected to have this prepared for occupancy during vacation; but owing to the repairs to the building necessary before the meeting of the Legislature we were unable to- move in until the last of October. The historic rostrum was given an honorable place, and not one improvement lately made in the building has been more approved and appreciated. At our next board meeting the committee voted to accept the loan for two years of the Indian collection owned by Joseph H. Edinger of Hillsdale, by paying cost of placing and cataloging, under contract to purchase it, if possible, at a given price. This, with a few other gifts, and judicious advertising, increased our visitors until our register shows from October 22 to May 22, 1,500 names and addresses recorded. It is fair to suppose that not more than two-thirds of the visitors responded to our request to register. This, however, gave us a fine mailing list. Nearly one-half of the members of the Legislature have visited us, and have been very inter- ested and helpful in our work.

The Department of Public Instruction issued a fine special Pioneer Day exercise October 10th, reports of which were very satisfactory, and we noted with pride and pleasure that several states have followed Mich- igan's lead and observed this day. Many of the women's clubs sent ac- counts of a successful afternoon, honoring the pioneers ;